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Revenue can include government grants, grants from nonprofit organizations, municipal taxes, membership and program fees, cash donations, money earned through fundraising events, etc.



Social Capital

Social capital is the value that comes from social networks, or groupings of people, which allow individuals to achieve things they couldn't on their own (University of Minnesota). 

For more information, try Robert Putnam's Social Capital Primer.

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health refer to a range of social and economic factors that positively and negatively influence people’s health (e.g. family income, race, employment, education, housing, etc.).

Social Marketing

Social Marketing is about trying to change people's attitudes and behaviors for their benefit.


Societies are nonprofit organizations registered under an Act either territorially or federally.


Spaces refer to areas designed and built with the purpose of encouraging people to interact and recreate outdoors. For example, playgrounds, gardens, and parks. 

Special Event

A Special Event is a one-time occurrence of an occasional recreation activity or celebration (e.g. Kiki Karnival). Special events are often associated with holidays, seasons or sporting events.


Sport is a type of physical activity with rules and is often considered a contest to determine a winner. In recreational sport, the emphasis is more on participation and the development of fundamental movement and sport skills. 



The Bench at CPRA

The Canadian Parks and Recreation Association's new online community is here—a place for the sector to meet, work and grow together. The Bench includes discussion groups, a resource library and events page. You can join discussion groups on topics including reopening, parks and open spaces and inclusion and accessibility, among others.

TRC Calls to Action

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was set up as a component of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. The TRC's mandate was to inform all Canadians about what happened in Indian Residential Schools (IRS) by documenting the truth of survivors, families, communities and anyone personally affected by the IRS experience.

The 94 TRC Calls to Action are for all Canadians; 5 of these are specifically directed towards sports and reconciliation.

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